Is there a body of evidence for the treatment of patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)?
Asklepios Katharina Schroth, Spinal Deformities Rehabilitation Centre, Korczakstrasse 2, D-55566 Bad Sobernheim, Germany
Scoliosis 2007, 2:19 doi:10.1186/1748-7161-2-19Published: 31 December 2007
Historically, the treatment options for AIS, the most common form of scoliosis are; exercises; in-patient rehabilitation; braces and surgery. While there is evidence in the form of prospective controlled studies that Scoliosis Intensive Rehabilitation (SIR) and braces can alter the natural history of the condition, there is no prospective controlled study comparing the natural history with surgical treatment.
One aim of the Scoliosis Society (SOSORT) should be; to help develop a body of research regarding the outcomes of conservative and operative treatment as well, and to highlight the problems of treatment indications in patients with AIS and other spinal deformities. Another aim is to help to improve the safety of patients who have surgery. By producing evidence-based information that can be used to develop guidelines that could aid both professionals and patients in making decisions about surgical and conservative options.
Although 'Scoliosis' is the official journal of the SOSORT and is the main forum for experts in the field of conservative management of patients with spinal deformities, there needs to be more wide spread attempt to develop a fuller body of evidence focussing on spine surgery as well.