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Open Access Methodology

Reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of scoliosis research society – 22 (SRS-22) questionnaire

Petros D Antonarakos1*, Labrini Katranitsa1, Lefteris Angelis2, Aristofanis Paganas3, Errikos M Koen1, Evangelos A Christodoulou4 and Anastasios G Christodoulou1

Author Affiliations

1 General Hospital G. Papanikolaou – 1stOrthopaedic Department, Greece

2 Department of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

3 Health Center of Litochoro, Greece

4 Klinik für Unfall-, Wiederherstellungs- und Orthopädische Chirurgie, St. Marien-Hospital Mülheim an der Ruhr, Kaiserstr, Deutchland

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Scoliosis 2009, 4:14  doi:10.1186/1748-7161-4-14

Published: 16 July 2009

Abstract

Background

The SRS-22 is a valid instrument for the assessment of the health related quality of life of patients with Idiopathic scoliosis. The SRS-22 questionnaire was developed in USA and has been widely used in the English speaking countries. Recently it has been translated and validated in many other languages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the refined Scoliosis Research Society-22 Questionnaire.

Methods

Following the steps of cross – cultural adaptation the adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire and a validated Greek version of the SF-36 questionnaire were mailed to 68 patients treated surgically for Idiopathic Scoliosis. 51 out of the 68 patients returned the 1st set of questionnaires, while a second set was emailed to 30 randomly selected patients of the first time responders. 20 out of the 30 patients returned the 2nd set. The mean age at the time of operation was16,2 years and the mean age at the time of evaluation was 21,2 years. Descriptive statistics for content analysis were calculated. Reliability assessment was determined by estimating Cronbach's α and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) respectively. Concurrent validity was evaluated by comparing SRS-22 domains with relevant domains in the SF-36 questionnaire using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient (r).

Results

The calculated Cronbach's α of internal consistency for three of the corresponding domains (pain 0.85; mental health 0.87; self image 0.83) were very satisfactory and for two domains (function/activity 0.72 and satisfaction 0.67) were good. The ICC of all domains of SRS-22 questionnaire was high (ICC>0.70), demonstrating very satisfactory or excellent test/retest reproducibility. Considering concurrent validity all correlations were found to be statistically significant at the 0.01 level among related domains and generally demonstrated high correlation coefficient.

Conclusion

The adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire is valid and reliable and can be used for the assessment of the outcome of the treatment of the Greek speaking patients with idiopathic scoliosis.