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Open Access Research

Vital capacity evolution in patients treated with the CMCR brace: statistical analysis of 90 scoliotic patients treated with the CMCR brace

Jean-Claude Bernard*, Julie Deceuninck and Céline Kohn

Author Affiliations

Croix Rouge française - Centre Médico-Chirurgical de Réadaptation des Massues Children and adolescents Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Department 92, rue Edmond Locard - 69322 Lyon Cedex 05 - France

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Scoliosis 2011, 6:19  doi:10.1186/1748-7161-6-19

Published: 31 August 2011

Abstract

Objective

To study the evolution of pulmonary capacity during orthopaedic treatment of scoliosis with the CMCR brace.

Background

Investigating the impact of moderate scoliosis on respiratory capacity and its evolution during CMCR brace treatment with mobile pads.

Context

Several studies demonstrate the impact of scoliosis on respiratory capacity but few of them focus on the impact of bracing treatment. We studied the evolution of the pulmonary capacity of a cohort of 90 scoliotic patients.

Methods

This retrospective study included 90 scoliotic patients treated since 1999 with a brace with mobile pads called CMCR (n = 90; mean age: 13 years; 10-16). These patients were diagnosed with an idiopathic scoliosis (mean angulation 20.6°). All patients underwent a radiographic and respiratory evaluation at the beginning, the middle and the end of treatment.

Results

Mean age at treatment start was 13. Before treatment, our patients did not have a normal pulmonary capacity: Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) was only 75% of the theoretical value. All curvature types (thoracic, thoraco-lumbar and combined scoliosis) involved this reduced pulmonary capacity, with moderate-angulated scoliosis having a negative impact. At the beginning of brace treatment, the loss of real vital capacity with brace (0.3 litres) was 10% lower than without brace.

At CMCR removal, the FVC had increased by 0.4 litre (21% +/- 4.2% compared to the initial value). The theoretical value had increased by 3%. This positive evolution was most important in girls at a low Risser stage (0,1,2), and before 11 years of age.

Conclusion

These results supported our approach of orthesis conception for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis which uses braces with mobile pads to preserve thorax and spine mobility.

Keywords:
scoliosis; respiratory capacity; brace with mobile pads