Full spine FE model (A). The intact thoracolumbar spine FE model for patient one; (B). The surgically altered thoracic spine, showing screws inserted in the vertebral bodies at the levels which were instrumented clinically for this patient and the remaining intervertebral disc portion at the intermediate disc spaces. (Note the screws are shown with extended length for visualization).
Little et al. Scoliosis 2013 8:9 doi:10.1186/1748-7161-8-9